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Water Contaminants

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Bacteria and Water filters

  Bacteria can be removed using a good water filter, but one needs to know some basic facts. This article from the Water Quality Association has a succinct and accurate summary of the methods used. Note that the article refers to chlor...
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What is Chlorine? Chlorine is a chemical element with the symbol Cl and atomic number 17. The second-lightest of the halogens, it appears between fluorine and bromine in the periodic table and its properties are mostly intermediate between them.  C...
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Disinfection Breakpoint Chlorination

What is breakpoint chlorination? The breakpoint chlorination is the point where chlorine levels exceed the oxidant demand (neutralising the nasties in the water). Once they are all dealt with, the water begins to build a residual amount of free avai...
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Fluorite: Crystalline form of fluoride What Is Fluoride? (Wikipedia) Fluoride (/ˈflʊəraɪd, ˈflɔːr-/) is an inorganic, monatomic anion with the chemical formula F−  (also written −), whose salts are typically white or colourless. F fluoride salt...
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Fluoride In Drinking Water

Is Fluoridated Drinking Water Safe? Mineral fluoride in our community drinking water supply has been debated ever since it was introduced back in the mid-1940s with the aim to prevent tooth decay. The evidence is mounting that in an era of fluoridat...
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Fluoride: The Latest Poison In Our Water

A Simple Question about Fluoride. If, as my dentist friends tell me, their cavity business has plummeted due to the success of fluoride-enhanced toothpaste, why do we have to also have it in our drinking water? Eleven Facts You May Like to Consider...
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Free Chlorine vs Total Chlorine

Free Chlorine vs Total Chlorine: What’s the Difference? Chlorine is a standard chemical element that’s oftentimes used to provide people all over the world with clean drinking water. The reason that chlorine is highly effective and important for wat...
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Heavy Metals

What are Heavy Metals? (Wikipedia) The earliest known metals—common metals such as iron, copper, and tin, and precious metals such as silver, gold, and platinum—are heavy metals. From 1809 onward, light metals, such as magnesium, aluminium, and tit...
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Is Mineral Water Hard or Soft

First up, let's define what 'mineral water' is. As the name suggests, it's water with minerals dissolved in it. (Duh-Oh!) It isn't 'hard' or 'soft', so let's examine why anyone would be asking. 'Hard Water' is water with alkaline minerals in it, su...
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What are Microplastics? Microplastics are very small pieces of plastic that pollute the environment. Microplastics are not a specific kind of plastic, but rather any type of plastic fragment that is less than 5mm in length according to the U.S. Nati...
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Nitrates in Drinking Water

Many water supplies in Australia are derived from groundwater or bore water. Groundwater often can contain a number of chemical compounds. When nitrogen fertilizers are used to enrich soils, nitrates may be carried by rain, irrigation, and oth...
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7 Fast Facts About Pesticides in Australia (and the world) With one of the Western world’s strongest agrarian economies, it will come as a little surprise to learn that Australia is a prolific producer and consumer of pesticides. Australia has ...
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PFA’s and PFOA’s

 What you need to know about PFAs, PFOAs: Chemical contaminants called PFAs, toxic to humans at minuscule doses, are the peak of the iceberg in threats to groundwater internationally. Nitrates, industrial chemicals, and pathogens have been swept un...
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Pharmaceuticals and Hormones

An enormous range of pharmaceuticals, from painkillers to chemotherapy drugs, is entering our rivers and waterways via wastewater. The concentrations are tiny, but drug pollution has had unexpected and at times devastating impacts on plants and anim...
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Elevated levels At elevated levels, THMs have been associated with negative health effects such as cancer and adverse reproductive outcomes. Trihalomethanes (THM) are a group of four chemicals that are formed along with other disinfection bypro...
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Water filters: how are they tested and how are the tests used to sell you?

If you’re looking at buying the best water filter, wouldn’t you like to know it will do what it says? Unfortunately, 99% of water filters on the market are sold in the knowledge that you don’t know and will probably decide to believe what they tell ...
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Why we use Aluminium Oxide to Remove Fluoride

The UltraStream is the result of 22 years of our own research, development and feedback from our huge customer base. Our pride in it comes from the feedback we continually receive from both new and old customers. One of the many ways we reduce harmfu...
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