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Overview of PFAS and PFOA

Overview of PFAs and PFOAs

What are PFAs and PFOAs?

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAs) are a group of human-made chemicals that have been used in various industries around the world since the 1940s. These substances are known for their resistance to water, grease, and stains, making them useful in a wide range of consumer products and industrial applications.

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is one of the most well-known types of PFAs. It has been used in the manufacturing of non-stick cookware, water-resistant clothing, and stain-resistant fabrics and carpets. Despite their utility, PFAs and PFOAs have raised significant environmental and health concerns.

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Environmental Impact

PFAs and PFOAs are often referred to as “forever chemicals” because they do not break down in the environment and can accumulate over time. They have been detected in water, soil, and air across the globe, often far from their points of origin. This widespread presence is a result of both industrial emissions and the disposal of products containing these chemicals.

Health Concerns

Exposure to PFAs and PFOAs has been linked to several adverse health effects. Studies suggest that these chemicals can accumulate in the human body over time, leading to potential health risks such as:
  • Developmental Issues: Exposure in utero and during infancy can lead to developmental delays in children.
  • Cancer: Certain types of PFAs have been associated with an increased risk of cancers, including kidney and testicular cancer.
  • Liver Damage: Long-term exposure can lead to liver damage and changes in liver function.
  • Immune System Effects: PFAs can affect the immune system, potentially leading to a reduced ability to fight infections.
  • Hormonal Disruptions: They can interfere with the endocrine system, leading to hormonal imbalances.
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Regulation and Reduction

In response to growing concerns, many countries have implemented regulations to limit the use of PFAs and PFOAs. For example, in the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has taken steps to phase out the manufacturing and use of PFOA. Similarly, the European Union has stringent regulations governing these substances.

How to Protect Yourself

At Alkaway, we are committed to helping you reduce your exposure to harmful PFAs and PFOAs. Here are some steps you can take to protect yourself and your family:
  1. Use Water Filters: Invest in high-quality water filters that can remove PFAs and PFOAs from your drinking water. Our water filtration systems are designed to effectively reduce the presence of these harmful chemicals.
  2. Choose Safer Products: Opt for products labeled as PFA-free, including cookware, clothing, and furniture.
  3. Stay Informed: Keep up-to-date with the latest information and regulations regarding PFAs and PFOAs to make informed choices. Learn more by reading our educational articles on PFAs and our PFAs blog articles 


Understanding the risks associated with PFAs and PFOAs is crucial for protecting your health and the environment. By choosing products and solutions that minimize exposure, you can help safeguard your well-being and contribute to a cleaner, safer world.

Our PFAs Water Filters

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