How to test your body’s pH (Saliva & Urine)

How to Perform the Urine pH Test

To perform a urine test with the Alkaway test strips, The test strips use a pH-sensitive, colour-coded test strip to reveal your body pH balance status. Do NOT place tests strips in your mouth.

To perform a urine test;

  1. Start with the first urine in the morning before eating or drinking,
  2. After a steady stream has started, wet the test strips 3 colour pads for 1-2 seconds,
  3. Gently shake off any excess fluid on the test strip and wait 15 seconds,
  4. Compare/match the colour of your test strip with the colour chart provided on the bottle label,
  5. The number that corresponds to the colour matched pads is the pH reading.

The lower your pH value below 7.0, the greater your degree of acid stress. Continue testing and recording your pH for a few weeks – first thing in the morning, afternoon and at bedtime (This will show your body pH trend).

Urine pH test: The pH of the urine indicates how the body is working to maintain the proper pH of the blood. The urine reveals the alkaline building (anabolic) and acid tearing down (catabolic) cycles. The pH of urine indicates the efforts of the body via the kidneys, adrenals, lungs and gonads to regulate body pH balance through the buffer salts and hormones. Urine can provide a fairly accurate picture of body chemistry because the kidneys filter out the buffer salts of pH regulation and provide values based on what the body is eliminating. Urine pH can vary from around 4.5 to 9.0 for its extremes, but the ideal range is 6.5 to 7.0+. Urinary pH tends to be lower in the morning and higher in the evening. The pH of the urine can vary widely. The pH of urine is also affected by the biochemicals that the body is eliminating. These include biochemicals such as excess minerals, vitamins, and products of metabolism and also include drugs and toxins being eliminated by the body.

The pH of the urine is not as affected by digestive enzymes as salivary pH. However, the pH of the urine can be affected by:

  • The food you eat
  • Preservatives you eat
  • How much water you drink
  • Pollutants you breathe.
  • Stress you encounter
  • How much rest you get
  • The number of pathogens in your system
  • All the biochemical activities going on in your body.
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PhTest Strips Chart

pH Test Strip Result

How to Perform the Saliva pH Test

To perform this simple test, Alkaway test strips, a plastic spoon and some fresh saliva. The test strips use a pH-sensitive, colour-coded test strip to reveal your body pH balance status.For the saliva test. DO NOT place tests strips in your mouth;

  1. Be sure not to eat, drink, or brush your teeth for 30 minutes prior to the test,
  2. Swallow a couple of times to clear the mouth and stimulate new saliva,
  3. Then discharge some saliva into a plastic spoon,
  4. Dip the test strip pad into the saliva in the spoon for 1 – 2 seconds,
  5. It is recommended NOT to touch the pH test strip pads to your tongue due to the chemicals in pads,
  6. Remove the test strip from the saliva in the spoon and wait for 15 seconds,
  7. Compare/match the colour of your test strip with the colour chart provided on the bottle label,
  8. The number that corresponds to the colour matched pads is the pH reading.

The lower your pH value below 7.0, the greater your degree of acid stress. Continue testing and recording your pH for a few weeks – first thing in the morning, afternoon and at bedtime (This will show your body pH trend). While generally more acidic than blood, salivary pH mirrors the blood (if not around meals) and is also a fairly good indicator of health. It tells us what the body retains.

Saliva pH test: Optimal pH for saliva is above 7.2 to 8.4. A reading consistently lower than 6.8 is indicative of possible insufficient alkaline reserves. After eating, the saliva pH should rise to 7.8 or higher. Unless this occurs, the body has alkaline mineral deficiencies (mainly Calcium and Magnesium) and will not assimilate food very well. To deviate from ideal salivary pH for an extended time invites illness. If your saliva stays between 6.8 and 7.2+ pH all day, your body is functioning within a healthy range. If the early morning salivary pH remains above 6.8, people usually see many of their problems disappearing.

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pH Test Strips

PhTest Strips Chart

pH Test Strip Result

What does the Saliva & Urine pH Test Accomplish

The ideal urine and saliva pH pattern is 7.2 on awakening, 6.8 to 7.2 before eating and 7.2 to 8.5 following any alkaline meal or drink. Your saliva should be slightly alkaline to begin the pre-digestive process. Testing your saliva and Urine pH can give you an early indication and warning that your body is or becoming acidic. In general, if your body’s alkaline pH level is constantly below 7.0, your body is acidic and maybe lacking the necessary mineral buffers to handle any acids in its system.

Monitoring your saliva and urine pH puts the responsibility of caring for your health back into your hands. You should monitor your saliva and urine each day for at least 12 weeks or until you establish your balanced pH at 7.2.  Once you have established a balanced saliva and urine pH at 7.2 you can reduce the number of tests to once a day or 2 to 3 times a week.

The pH of the urine varies throughout the day but is generally more acid than that of saliva. The saliva is a filtrate of the blood secreted in the mouth designed to enhance digestion. Saliva pH is generally higher than urine, as excess acids are excreted in the urine.

Get AlkaWay pH Test Strips Now

We recommend and sell AlkaWay Diagnostic pH Test Strips.


  • Widely Used pH Test Strips
  • Widest Range Available – 4.5 – 9.0
  • Easier to read than pH strips
  • No bleeding, no mess
  • Very Economical
  • Practitioner Preferred
  • Super Sensitive and Accurate
  • Can test both Urine and Saliva


Our pH test strips have been developed under the guidance of Christopher Vasey N.D., the leading authority on pH Balance and author of the Acid-Alkaline Diet for Optimum Health. Christopher Vasey has practised Naturopathy in Chamby-Montreux, Switzerland for 25 years. He has authored 18 books written in five languages.

Keep reading for more information on pH Balance Health…

The Importance of pH Balance in Maintaining Health

Thus the saliva pH parallels the extracellular fluid … pH paper test using saliva represents the most consistent and most definitive physical sign of the ionic calcium deficiency syndrome … The saliva pH of the non-deficient and healthy person is in the 7.5 to 7.1 slightly alkaline range. The range from 6.5 which is weakly acidic to 4.5 which is strongly acidic represents states from mildly deficient to strongly deficient, respectively

Most children are dark blue, a pH of 7.5. Over half of adults are green-yellow, a pH of 6.5 or lower, reflecting the calcium deficiency of ageing and lifestyle defects. Cancer patients are usually a bright yellow, a pH of 4.5, especially when terminal.”
– The Calcium Factor: The Scientific Secret of Health and Youth,
– Carl J. Reich, M.D., Gilliland Printing Inc., Arkansas City, Kansas, 1996.


pH Balance – What is a Healthy pH Range?

The pH scale ranges from 0 (the highest acidic) to 14 (the most alkaline). A solution with a pH of 7 is neutral.
At pH 7, water contains equal amounts of H+ and OH- ions. Substances with a pH of less than 7 are acidic because they contain a higher concentration of H+ ions. Substances with a pH higher than 7 are alkaline because they contain a higher concentration of OH-. The pH scale goes from 0 to 14 and is logarithmic, which means that each step is ten times the previous. In other words, a pH of 5 is 10 times more acid than 6, 100 times more acid than 7 and 1,000 times more acid than 8. In this light, you can see how a slight change in your pH value can have a great impact on your internal environment and, ultimately, your health.

When healthy, the blood pH is 7.365, the pH of the spinal fluid is 7.4, and the saliva pH is 7.4. This ideal blood pH measurement means it is more alkaline than acid.


A Brief Science of Body pH

Minerals with a negative electrical charge are attracted to the H+ ion. These are called acid minerals. Acid minerals include: chlorine (Cl-), sulphur (S-), phosphorus (P-), and they form hydrochloric acid (HCl), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Minerals with a positive electrical charge are attracted to the negatively charged OH- ion. These are called alkaline minerals. Nutritionally important alkaline minerals include calcium (Ca+), potassium (K+), magnesium (Mg+) and sodium (Na+). (Cancer patients tend to have an excess of sodium. – Gerson page 97). To determine if a food is acid or alkaline, it is burned and the ash is mixed with water. If the solution is acid or alkaline then the food is called acid or alkaline. Ash is the mineral content of the food. Also, while it is commonly understood that the body needs calcium to build bones, what is not generally known is bones are a complex matrix of many different minerals and if all the required minerals are not present then strong bones cannot be built.


The Relationship between nutrition and acidity

There are at least 18 key bone-building nutrients essential for optimum bone health. The implication is that it is easier to destroy bone through excess acidity in the body than it is to rebuild bone. Furthermore, as farm soils become depleted of many trace minerals, the foods grown in these soils contain less and less of the required nutrients. At last count, the human body requires 90 different nutrients for optimum health and the list is growing year by year. How does this relate to body metabolism? Basically, if the body fluids are acid they will seek alkaline minerals to react with – such as sodium, potassium, zinc, iron and calcium. If the body is lacking in these minerals then it takes them from the liver, muscles, ligaments and bones.

But why should this happen? Effectively, all the body’s internal fluids are designed to be slightly alkaline, such as interstitial fluid, cerebrospinal and lymphatic fluid, liver bile and so on. The only exception to this is the hydrochloric acid produced in the blood vessels for the stomach.


Alkaline: Our natural state

While our bodies are designed to be alkaline, cells produce acid as a by-product of their normal activity. The acid waste matter thus produced is reduced to carbon dioxide and water which is then excreted harmlessly from the body. However, when food is consumed and metabolized, not all of it is utilized; a residue remains and this is referred to as ash. Perhaps the major area of disagreement within this subject is over the classification of foods into acid-ash forming and alkaline-ash forming foods. Digestion oxidizes foods in the same way as if they were burned except that it involves enzymes operating at low temperatures. For example, a lemon will break down into carbohydrates that will further break down into carbon dioxide and water leaving a residual alkaline ash consisting of mineral salts such as sodium, potassium and calcium etc. So while a lemon will taste acidic and presents an acid pH if tested raw, its ash will be alkaline and so will its effect on the body.


Proteins: The silent acidifier

Proteins, on the other hand, leave an ash consisting of phosphates, sulphates and nitrates that come from the phosphorus, sulphur and nitrogen that proteins contain. These are all acid. The net effect of protein consumption, whether from animal or vegetable sources, is to increase acidity. The body has to rid itself of its acid wastes. This type of acid ash cannot be eliminated through the lungs as carbon dioxide and water in the same way as cellular metabolism. Instead, the body has to buffer the ash with alkaline substances in order to neutralize it. Buffering takes place both inside and outside the cell with the majority of the buffering occurring in the blood itself.

Clinical research by Dr M.T. Morter (Arkansas, USA) has shown that if the anabolic urinary and salivary pH (measured immediately upon awakening) is below 6.8, we can be relatively certain that digestive support must be provided.

Controlled clinical studies by Dr Paul Yanick (Pasadena, USA) have confirmed Dr Morter’s findings and recorded that intracellular assimilation of nutrients is significantly decreased when the anabolic pH is below 6.8.

As both these researchers have shown, supplementing the diet with appropriate alkalizing methods is highly beneficial in supporting the systemic pH by replenishing the alkaline mineral and enzyme reserves. Since systemic deficiencies show only in the last instance in the digestive tract, practitioners should not wait until the signs and symptoms of poor digestion become evident. From a preventative perspective, compensation should be made when symptoms are minimal and the anabolic pH is below 7.4 after an Alkaline Load Test (see “Correlative Urinalysis” by M T Morter).


Good Digestion – or acid? Take your pick.

Diets that are high in protein, fat and carbohydrates and low in greens and raw food, stress our digestive mechanisms. This inhibits proper digestion and overloads the immune system with incompletely digested macromolecules and toxins. These digestive disturbances are aggravated by the typically high intake of food additives, pesticides and stimulating foods that are common in the Western diet.

Also in an effect to solve the problem of worsening public water quality, more and more people are turning to water in plastic containers. What is not common knowledge is that virtually all bottled water is highly acidic and missing the essential alkalizing minerals.


Examples of Common Food Types that have a Strongly Acid pH. Images to the left.

Examples of Common Food Types that are Mildly Acidic

Examples of Common Food Types that are Mildly Alkaline

Examples of Common Food Types that are Strongly Alkaline

red meat









most nuts

olive oil

real salt

dried fruit

canola oil

goat’s milk



fruit juice



hard cheese

milk, rice/ soy milk


alkaline water